Farm To Fork: Dairy’s Rise In Yield And Drop In Emissions
From the beginning of the agricultural process to the final consumer experience, a magnitude of innovations has led to reducing the environmental impact of the dairy business. This sustainable dairy innovation extends across the stages of production, transportation, and consumption, the industry has made significant strides toward a cleaner future and ensuring greater satisfaction of consumers.
At the farm, sustainable dairy innovation includes enhanced management of animal feed, improved genetic potential of animals, and deeper insights into lactation cycles, therefore, have collectively resulted in an increased milk yield by 19% and reduced greenhouse gas emissions by 17%, and land and water usage by 26% and 10%. Ongoing research is directed toward the production of forage crops with higher fiber digestibility and protein utilization by the animals, and the production of new crops that have higher climate resilience such as sorghum. In terms of on-farm innovation, the smart dairy farming model involves the utilization of machine learning algorithms, big data generated by sensors, and the Internet of Things (IoT) has not only improved milk yield but enhanced the efficiency of production and processing.
Improving Farm Yield
The strategic application of artificial insemination utilizing sexed semen has been proven to improve production yield, longevity of animals, and milk quality. Knowledge of the relationship between the genetic variability of cows and milk composition is enabling breeders to produce calves for product-specific traits.
Sustainable Dairy Supply Chain Innovations
Consumers are more conscious about food waste, environmental pollution, and the consumption of natural resources associated with dairy supply chain systems. Although there are huge improvements in cooling technologies and different modes of transportation systems, many hurdles still persist in the pursuit of implementing sustainable dairy innovation in the traditional type of dairy supply chain.
Clean labels In Demand
At the fork level, consumers have an increasing preference for clean labels and minimally processed dairy products, which is driving the range of innovations in the dairy processing sector. The modification of ingredients through various treatments such as filtration, high-pressure processing, cold plasma, and pulsed electric technology is utilized to reduce the use of ingredients undesirable to consumers such as stabilizers, emulsifiers, and sweeteners in product formulations. In the era of “Food as Medicine,” milk is one of the most valuable food matrices that is known to be rich in bioactive peptides, fat globule membranes, growth factors, glycomacropeptides, and immunoglobulins.
Dairy Innovation In Health And Safety
As a result, intensive research is taking place all over the world to extract these bioactive peptides at the commercial level and apply them in foods and pharmaceutical products. To deliver high-quality products with utmost safety, researchers are diligently developing sophisticated tools like biosensors which are fast, safe, convenient, and reliable.
Meeting Consumer Demand Through Sustainable Dairy Innovation
Consumers are geared towards products with high nutritional values, cleaner labels, sustainable, and “better for you” products. To cater to health- and environment-conscious consumers, it is important for the dairy industry to drive innovation toward sustainable practices both for the environment and animal welfare right at the farm level. Innovations related to energy-saving practices in dairy plants, reducing wastage in processing, and developing products with functional benefits remain at the forefront. From manufacturing to the consumer, innovation is happening throughout the dairy industry, from farm to fork.
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Source: Dairy Foods